Arbitrary Strength Unit (ASU) is an integer value proportional to the received signal strength measured by the mobile phone.
It is possible to calculate the real signal strength measured in dBm (and thereby power in Watts) by a formula. However, there are different formulas for 2G and 3G networks.
In LTE networks, ASU maps to RSRP (reference signal received power, see TS 36.133, sub-clause 9.1.4). The valid range of ASU is from 0 to 97. For the range 1 to 96, ASU maps to
The value of 0 maps to RSRP below -140 dBm and the value of 97 maps to RSRP above -44 dBm.
See also more detailed Dbm calculation (in French)